Different Types of Dental fillings
Dental fillings have widely been used in restorative and cosmetic dentistry. Their ability to improve the functionality and overall look of teeth is what makes them valuable dental appliances. Dental fillings have changed a lot over the years. As people are diversifying the preferences, experts are coming up with better ways to execute dental treatments.
What Are The Different Types of Tooth Fillings?
Tooth fillings have not been the same since the inception of the varying types of dental fillings. There is always a dental filling to befit different needs and preferences of patients. The differences in tooth fillings are marked by the type of material used to make them. A dentist will recommend a particular type of tooth filling based on your preferences, but more so depending on the location of the decayed tooth. The types of tooth fillings include:
- Gold fillings – Gold dental fillings are used because of the sturdiness of the material. The fillings are, however, are very expensive, as is the nature of gold. Dentists in Shelby Township may not offer the fillings as a first option. In most cases, it is the patients that request for gold fillings. The sturdiness of the gold material can last more than 15 years.
- Silver fillings – They are also called Amalgam fillings. These tooth fillings rely on silver material alongside other metals, including tin, zinc, and copper. Amalgam also contains some amount of mercury. The fillings can last up to 15 years or longer with proper oral care. Although amalgam fillings are more affordable than gold and easy to install, they have some disadvantages. For one, the components that make the amalgam fillings expand and contract with temperature changes. This means that when they are attached to a tooth, the expansion and contraction can break the natural structure of the tooth. Besides that, silver fillings are not cosmetically appealing, especially when used on front teeth.
- Composite Fillings – They are made of a resin and plastic material. The fillings can be matched to the shade of the color of a patient’s natural teeth. Since they match, they can match the color of teeth, and it is hard to tell them apart from your natural teeth. The downside to composite fillings is that they are expensive, especially in comparison to silver fillings. Other than that, they are not a durable material. Most composite fillings have to be replaced every five years.
- Ceramic Fillings – If you are overly concerned about your cosmetic appearance when getting dental fillings, then the ceramic fillings best suit you. A dentist near you will tell you that the fillings are very durable. They feature tooth-colored porcelain material. When compared to composite fillings, these tooth-colored fillings are more resistant to stain and look better aesthetically. The material is very sturdy and durable. It is why ceramic fillings are more expensive than other fillings. Even then, the use of ceramic fillings is increasing in popularity today, given the value of cosmetic dentistry in the 21st century. The one downside to a ceramic filling is in how much of the natural tooth must be removed. Due to the brittle nature of the porcelain material used in making the fillings, a big amount of it is used on the affected tooth. This means that a substantial amount of your tooth’s enamel might be removed to create room for the tooth filling. In most cases, ceramic fillings are known as inlays and Onlays.
- Glass Ionomer Fillings – These are the best types for children’s teeth because they are still developing and growing. Besides, they are best suited for preventing extreme decay on children’s teeth, given their poor oral hygiene practices. The fillings feature glass and acrylic that do not last as long as other fillings. They can go for less than five years, since the material used to make them is weaker, even compared to composite fillings. However, the fillings release fluoride on teeth. The fluoride helps prevent further decay from teeth. When it comes to color, the glass ionomer fillings are not very conspicuous. However, they are not an exact match to the natural color of teeth, in comparison to composite fillings.